In 2019, 26 vaping-related deaths have been confirmed in 21 different states, along with 1,299 cases of severe lung illness associated with e-cigarettes have been reported in the United States alone.
E-cigarettes are devices that heat a liquid into an aerosol that the user inhales. The liquid usually has nicotine and flavoring in it, along with other additives. The nicotine in e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes is very addictive. E-cigarettes are considered tobacco products because most of them contain nicotine, which comes from tobacco.
Besides nicotine, e-cigarettes can contain harmful and potentially harmful ingredients, including:
- Ultrafine particles that can be inhaled deep into the lungs
- Flavorants such as diacetyl, a chemical linked to serious lung disease
- Volatile organic compounds
- Heavy metals, such as nickel, tin, and lead
Warning: Vaping Pens Blow Up!
The Inhalation of Harmful Chemicals Can Cause Irreversible Lung Damage and Lung Disease
In January 2018, the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine released a consensus study report that reviewed over 800 different studies.
That report made clear: using e-cigarettes causes grave health risks. It concluded that e-cigarettes both contain and emit several potentially toxic substances. The Academies’ report also stated that there is moderate evidence that youth who use e-cigarettes are at increased risk for lung injury and an increase in asthma exacerbations.
Along with that report we have learned:
- A study from the University of North Carolina found that the two primary ingredients found in e-cigarettes—propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin—are toxic to cells and that the more ingredients in an e-liquid, the greater the toxicity.
- E-cigarettes produce several dangerous chemicals including acetaldehyde, acrolein, and formaldehyde. These aldehydes can cause lung disease, as well as cardiovascular (heart) disease.
- E-cigarettes also contain acrolein, a herbicide primarily used to kill weeds. It can cause acute lung injury and COPD and may cause asthma and lung cancer.
- Both the U.S. Surgeon General and the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine have warned about the risks of inhaling secondhand e-cigarette emissions, which are created when an e-cigarette user exhales the chemical cocktail created by e-cigarettes.
- In 2016, the Surgeon General concluded that secondhand emissions contain, “nicotine; ultrafine particles; flavorings such as diacetyl, a chemical linked to serious lung disease; volatile organic compounds such as benzene, which is found in car exhaust; and heavy metals, such as nickel, tin, and lead.”
What about smokers who are hopeful e-cigarettes may help them quit? The Food and Drug Administration has not found any e-cigarette to be safe and effective in helping smokers quit.
Here are a few examples of young people that recommend DON’T VAPE!
Dylan Nelson, age 26
Simah Herman Age 18